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Preface by Lincoln Kirstein

Chronology: Life and Works
Roles Performed By Balanchine

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Festivals Directed By Balanchine

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406. VIENNA WALTZES (briefly called WIENER WALZER)

Music: By Johann Strauss the Younger, Franz Lehár, and Richard Strauss (as given below).

Choreography: By George Balanchine.

Production: Scenery by Rouben Ter-Arutunian, executed by Nolan Scenery Studios. Costumes by Karinska. Lighting by Ronald Bates.

Premiere: June 23, 1977, New York City Ballet, New York State Theater. Conductor: Robert Irving. (Preview: Annual New York City Ballet Gala Benefit, June 15, with Jean-Pierre Bonnefous in the role later danced by Jorge Donn.)

Cast: TALES FROM THE VIENNA WOODS (J. Strauss, Op. 325, 1868): Karin von Aroldingen, Sean Lavery, 10 couples; VOICES OF SPRING (J. Strauss, Op. 410, 1885): Patricia McBride, Helgi Tomasson, 8 women; EXPLOSION POLKA (J. Strauss, Op. 43, ca. 1848): Sara Leland, Bart Cook, 3 couples; GOLD AND SILVER WALTZ (Lehár, 1905): Kay Mazzo, Peter Martins, 8 couples; FIRST SEQUENCE OF WALTZES FROM 'DER ROSENKAVALIER' (R. Strauss, arranged 1944): Suzanne Farrell, Jorge Donn (guest artist); von Aroldingen, Lavery; McBride, Tomasson; Leland, Cook; Mazzo, Martins; entire cast.

Note: Each waltz suggests a different mood. The first three take place in the Vienna Woods: a formal dance, wood spirits, a comic polka. The scenery evolves: The trees develop tendrils of decor to form the dancing-room of the 'Merry Widow' (GOLD AND SILVER WALTZ); in the finale, the roots of the trees become the chandeliers of a mirrored ballroom for WALTZES FROM 'DER ROSENKAVALIER.'

Video/DVD: 1996, Nonesuch, The Balanchine Library: The Balanchine Celebration, Part One (DER ROSENKAVALIER [1993]).

Revisions: New York City Ballet: GOLD AND SILVER WALTZ changed many times; minor revisions in VOICES OF SPRING.

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