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Introduction to the Database

Preface by Lincoln Kirstein

Chronology: Life and Works
Roles Performed By Balanchine

Chronological Title List
Titles By Category

Festivals Directed By Balanchine

Itineraries Undertaken by
Balanchine's American

Research Resources

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Music: EMERALDS: By Gabriel Fauré (from Pelléas et Melisande, 1898, and Shylock, 1889). RUBIES: By Igor Stravinsky (Capriccio for piano and orchestra, 1929). DIAMONDS: By Peter Ilyitch Tchaikovsky (from Symphony No. 3 in D major, Op. 29, 1875 [first movement omitted]).

Choreography: By George Balanchine.

Production: Scenery by Peter Harvey, executed by Feller Scenery Studios. Costumes by Karinska. Lighting by Ronald Bates.

Premiere: April 13, 1967, New York City Ballet, New York State Theater. Conductor: Robert Irving. Pianist: Gordon Boelzner.

Cast: EMERALDS: Violette Verdy, Conrad Ludlow; Mimi Paul, Francisco Moncion; Sara Leland, Suki Schorer, John Prinz; 10 women. RUBIES: Patricia McBride, Edward Villella; Patricia Neary; 8 women, 4 men. DIAMONDS: Suzanne Farrell, Jacques d'Amboise; 4 demi-solo couples; 12 women, 12 men.

Note: Each section is a separate work, the costumes green for EMERALDS, red for RUBIES, white for DIAMONDS. The ballet lasts a full evening.

Revisions: 1976, New York City Ballet: EMERALDS extended by new pas de deux (to additional music from Shylock) and new pas de sept (to additional music from Pelléas et Melisande); opening of first pas de deux rechoreographed; second ballerina variation altered.

Film: 1968, Direct Cinema Ltd., Man Who Dances: Edward Villella (excerpts from RUBIES).

Video/DVD: 1980, Direct Cinema Ltd., Man Who Dances: Edward Villella (excerpts from RUBIES); 1996, Nonesuch, The Balanchine Library: Choreography by Balanchine (excerpts from EMERALDS, DIAMONDS pas de deux [1977]); 2004, Kultur, Balanchine (DIAMONDS pas de deux); 2005, Films du Prieuré, Violette et Mr. B (excerpts from EMERALDS); 2006, BBC/Opus Arte (complete [2005]); 2011 Marinsky Label. © State Academic Marinsky Theater, St. Petersburg, Russia, Jewels the complete ballet recorded 2006 at the Marinsky Theater, with members of the Marinsky Ballet.

Archival Video:George Balanchine Foundation Interpreters Archive (EMERALDS, first pas de deux, first ballerina solo), forthcoming.

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