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194. BALLET IMPERIAL (from 1973 called TSCHAIKOVSKY PIANO CONCERTO NO. 2)



Music: By Peter Ilyitch Tchaikovsky (Piano Concerto No. 2 in G major, Op. 44, I879, abridged, rewritten, and rearranged by Alexander Siloti).

Choreography: By George Balanchine.

Production: Scenery and costumes by Mstislav Doboujinsky.

Premiere: June 25, 1941, American Ballet Caravan, Teatro Municipal, Rio de Janeiro. Conductor: Emanuel Balaban. Pianist: Simon Sadoff. (Open dress rehearsal: May 29, Little Theatre of Hunter College, New York. Conductor: Fritz Mahler.)

Cast: Marie-Jeanne, William Dollar; Gisella Caccialanza; Fred Danieli, Nicholas Magallanes; 2 female demi-soloists; 16 women, 6 men.
ALLEGRO BRILLANTE--ANDANTE; ANDANTE NON TROPPO; ALLEGRO CON FUOCO.

Note: A tribute to Imperial St. Petersburg, Petipa, and Tchaikovsky.

Revisions: 1942, Ballerina's first-movement cadenza rechoreographed; 1944, Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo: Corps reduced to 12 women and 4 men, or occasionally one or two more; 1950, Sadler's Wells [later Royal Ballet]: Pantomime deleted and new pas de deux, with extra music, added in second movement; somewhat different groupings in third movement; new scenery and costumes by Eugene Berman; 1964, New York City Ballet: 1944 version with several changes and corps de ballet of 12 women and 4 men; 1973, New York City Ballet: Mime removed, corps increased to 16 women and 6 men.

New Productions by Balanchine Companies: New York City Ballet: 1964, with new scenery by Rouben Ter-Arutunian (based on the 1941 production) and new costumes by Karinska; 1973 (titled Piano Concerto No. 2, then Tschaikovsky Piano Concerto No. 2), staged without scenery, with new costumes by Karinska (classical tutus replaced by chiffon skirts), and lighting by Ronald Bates.

Video/DVD: 2005, Zeitgeist Films, Ballets Russes (excerpt).

See also: 193   349   382  

Source notes:    hide...

 Additional revisions and stagings information provided by Balanchine, Una Kai, Patricia McBride, Marie-Jeanne, Frederic Franklin.

Stagings:    hide...

1942   New Opera Company (New York City—1941-1944)

1944   Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo

1950   Royal Ballet

1952   Teatro alla Scala (Milan)

1964   New York City Ballet

1967   The Australian Ballet

1968   Ballett der Deutschen Oper (Berlin)

1973   Geneva Ballet (Grand Theatre de Geneve [Ballet])

1975   Teatro Nacional de San Carlo (Naples)

1976   Den Norske Opera [Ballet] (Norway)

1980   The Australian Ballet

1980   Compania Nacional de Danza (Mexico City)

1986   Teatro alla Scala (Milan)

1988   American Ballet Theatre

1989   PACT Ballet (Performing Arts Council of the Transvaal—Johannesburg, South Africa)

1991   American Ballet Theatre

1993   Royal Ballet

1996   American Ballet Theatre

1997   PACT Ballet (Performing Arts Council of the Transvaal—Johannesburg, South Africa)

1997   Tokyo Ballet/Japan Performing Arts Foundation

2003   Ballett der Deutschen Staatsoper (Berlin)

2004   American Ballet Theatre

2004   Kirov Ballet

2004   Tokyo Ballet / Japan Performing Arts Foundation

2005   Miami City Ballet

2006   Royal Ballet

2007   Pacific Northwest Ballet

2007   The Australian Ballet

2010   Teatro alla Scala (Milan)

2011   Mariinsky Ballet (Kirov)

2013   Houston Ballet

2013   Norwegian National Ballet

2014   Australian Ballet

2015   Los Angeles Ballet

2015   Perm State Ballet

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