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Introduction to the Database

Preface by Lincoln Kirstein

Chronology: Life and Works
Roles Performed By Balanchine

Chronological Title List
Titles By Category

Festivals Directed By Balanchine

Itineraries Undertaken by
Balanchine's American

Research Resources

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Updated from the 1983 Catalogue by Susan Au et al.

Reynolds, Nancy. Repertory in Review: Forty Years of the New York City Ballet.  New York: Dial, 1977. An analysis of every ballet produced by Balanchine-Kirstein companies, 1935-1976, with excerpts of reviews of the period by major critics.


Reynolds, Nancy and McCormick, Malcolm. No Fixed Points: Dance in the Twentieth Century.  New Haven:Yale University Press, 2003. Comprehensive history includes lengthy discussions of Balanchine's contributions to and influence on dance in Europe and North America and a section on his work for film and the commercial stage.

Reynolds, Nancy and Reimer-Torn, Susan. In Performance: A Companion to the Classics of the Dance.  New York: Harmony, 1980. Includes a chapter on Balanchine and the ballets Apollo, Serenade, Concerto Barocco, The Four Temperaments, Pas de Dix, Agon, and Stars and Stripes.


Reynolds, Nancy, ed. Remembering Lincoln. New York, Ballet Society, 2007. Reminiscences of Lincoln Kirstein in honor of his centennial by those who knew him personally, including dancers, critics, artists, photographers, and neighbors. Includes two letters to Kirstein from Balanchine.

Ringer, Jenifer, Dancing Through It: My Journey in the Ballet. New York: Viking, 2014. The autobiography of the former principal dancer with the New York City Ballet. Includes a detailed analysis of Jerome Robbins's Dances at a Gathering as it affected her personally.

Riobó, Julio F. and Cucullo, Carlos. El Arte del ballet en el Teatro Colón.  Buenos Aires: Corlena & Castro, 1945. Includes discussions of Apollon Musagète and Concierto de Mozart.


Robert, Grace. The Borzoi Book of Ballets.  New York: Knopf, 1946. Includes descriptions of Apollon Musagète, Le Baiser de la Fée, Ballet Imperial, Danses Concertantes, Waltz Academy; also discusses Prodigal Son.


Roseman, Janet Lynn. Dance Masters: Interviews with Legends of Dance.  New York: Routledge, 2001. Includes an interview with Edward Villella, a former principal dancer of New York City Ballet.

Roslavleva, Natalia. Era of the Russian Ballet.  London: Gollancz/New York: Dutton, 1966. Provides background information on ballet in the Soviet Union in the 1920s.


Ross, Lillian (ed.). The Fun of It: Stories from The Talk of the Town, The New Yorker.  New York: Modern Library, 2001. Includes 'Met's maître' (1935), by Charles Cooke and Russell Maloney, a profile of Balanchine during his tenure as ballet master of the Metropolitan Opera, pp. 93-94.

Schaïkevitch, André. Olga Spessivtzeva, magicienne envoutée. Paris: Librairie les Lettres, 1954. Includes discussions of La Chatte , pp. 87-90; Les Créatures de Prométhée, pp. 98-99.


Scholl, Tim. From Petipa to Balanchine: Classical Revival and the Modernization of Ballet.  New York/London: Routledge, 1994. Includes an analysis of Balanchine's neoclassical ballets.


Schorer, Suki. Balanchine Pointework.  With assistance and an afterword by Robert Greskovic; edited by Lynn Garafola; performance photographs by Martha Swope; studio demonstration photographs by Carol Rosegg/Martha Swope Associates. Society of Dance History Scholars, 1995. Part of Studies in Dance History new series 11 (1995).

Schorer, Suki. Suki Schorer on Balanchine Technique.  With Russell Lee. 700 photographs by Carol Rosegg. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999. Detailed discussion of the finer points of Balanchine's teaching.


Schouvaloff, Alexander. The Art of Ballets Russes: The Serge Lifar Collection of Theater Designs, Costumes, and Paintings at the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut.  New Haven: Yale University Press in association with the Hartford Atheneum, 1997. Includes designs for ballets by Balanchine.

Sharaff, Irene. Broadway and Hollywood: Costumes Designed by Irene Sharaff.  New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1976. Includes a description of the 1936 production of On Your Toes, pp. 30, 33.

Shearer, Moira. Balletmaster: A Dancer's View of George Balanchine.   London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1986/New York: Putnam, 1987.

Siegel, Marcia B. At the Vanishing Point: A Critic Looks at Dance.  New York: Saturday Review Press, 1972. The section 'Balanchine's America' includes reviews of New York City Ballet performances.


Siegel, Marcia B. The Shapes of Change: Images of American Dance.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979. The chapter 'Neoclassicism I' includes discussions of Serenade and Concerto Barocco; the chapter 'Balanchine's America' discusses The Four Temperaments, Ivesiana, Agon, and Episodes.

Siegel, Marcia B. Watching the Dance Go By.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977. Includes reviews of New York City Ballet performances.

Slonimsky, Yuri. 'Balanchine: The Early Years.' Translated by John Andrews. Edited by Francis Mason. Ballet Review 5:3 (1975-76). Reprinted in Francis Mason (comp.), I Remember Balanchine. New York: Doubleday, 1991.

Smakov, Gennady. Baryshnikov: From Russia to the West.  New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1981. Includes a chapter titled 'With Balanchine and Robbins.'

Sokolova, Lydia. Dancing for Diaghilev: The Memoirs of Lydia Sokolova. Edited by Richard Buckle.  London: Murray, 1960/New York: Macmillan, 1961. Includes descriptions of ballets choreographed by Balanchine for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.

Solway, Diane. Nureyev, His Life.  New York: William Morrow/London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998. Includes discussions of Rudolf Nureyev's contacts with Balanchine, his performances of Balanchine ballets, and his creation of the role of Cléonte in Balanchine's Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme.


Sorrell, Walter. Looking Back in Wonder: Diary of a Dance Critic.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1986. Commentary on many Balanchine ballets.


Soto, Jock, Every Step You Take: A Memoir. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2011. The autobiography of the former dancer with the New York City Ballet.


Souritz, Elizabeth. Soviet Choreographers in the 1920s.  Translated from the Russian by Lynn Visson; edited, with additional translation, by Sally Banes. Durham: Duke University Press, 1990. Includes a section 'Georgi Melitonovich Balanchivadze and the Young Ballet.'

Sowell, Debra Hickenlooper. The Christensen Brothers: An American Dance Epic.  Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1998. Includes discussions of Lew Christensen's experiences as a member of the American Ballet and American Ballet Caravan.


Steinberg, Cobbett (ed.). The Dance Anthology.  New York: New American Library, 1980. Includes reprints of the articles: Balanchine, George, 'Notes on Choreography' (1945), pp. 28-35, and 'The Dance Element in Stravinsky's Music' (1947), pp. 149-52.

Stokes, Adrian. Russian Ballets.  London: Faber & Faber, 1935. Includes descriptions of Cotillon and La Concurrence, with an analysis of Balanchine's choreographic style, pp. 184-96.

Stravinsky, Igor. Chroniques de ma vie.  Paris: De Noël et Steele, 1935. (Chronicles of My Life, London: Gollancz/New York: Simon & Schuster, 1936; reprinted New York: Norton, 1962.) Includes a description of the composition of the score and Balanchine's choreography for Apollon Musagète, pp. 210-15, 224-27 (New York edition).

Stravinsky, Igor. Selected Correspondence,  Volume I. Edited and with commentaries by Robert Craft. New York: Knopf, 1982. Includes correspondence with Lincoln Kirstein, 1946-1966, pp. 263-95.

Stravinsky, Igor and Craft, Robert. Dialogues and a Diary.  Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1963. Includes a section on Apollo, pp. 16-20, and working notes for Stravinsky's collaboration with Balanchine on The Flood, pp. 89-98.

Stravinsky, Igor and Craft, Robert. Themes and Episodes.  New York: Knopf, 1966. Section titled 'Eye Music' discusses Balanchine's Movements for Piano and Orchestra; Balanchine's choreography is also discussed in sections on Jeu de Cartes, Danses Concertantes, and Orpheus.


Stravinsky, Vera and Craft, Robert. Stravinsky in Pictures and Documents.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 1978. Includes information on collaborations with Balanchine.


Stravinsky and the Dance: A Survey of Ballet Productions, 1910-1962, in Honor of the Eightieth Birthday of Igor Stravinsky.  Catalogue by Selma Jeanne Cohen, with an introduction by Herbert Read. New York: Dance Collection of The New York Public Library, 1962. Includes ballets choreographed by Balanchine.

Stravinsky and the Theatre: A Catalogue of Decor and Costume Designs for Stage Productions of His Works, 1910-1962. New York: Dance Collection of The New York Public Library, 1963. Includes designs for ballets choreographed by Balanchine.

Switzer, Ellen. Dancers! Horizons of American Dance.  New York: Atheneum, 1982. Includes a discussion of Balanchine's place in the history of American dance; there are also sections on several New York City Ballet dancers.

Switzer, Ellen. The Nutcracker: A Story and a Ballet.  With photographs by Steven Caras and Costas. New York: Atheneum, 1985. George Balanchine's The Nutcracker in storybook form with many color photographs.


Swope, Martha. A Midsummer Night's Dream: The Story of the New York City Ballet's Production Told in Photographs by Martha Swope.  Edited by Nancy Lassalle, with an introduction by Lincoln Kirstein. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1977.


Swope, Martha. The Nutcracker: The Story of the New York City Ballet's Production Told in Pictures by Martha Swope.  Edited by Nancy Lassalle, with an introduction by Lincoln Kirstein. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1975.

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