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Introduction to the Database

Preface by Lincoln Kirstein

Chronology: Life and Works
Roles Performed By Balanchine

Chronological Title List
Titles By Category

Festivals Directed By Balanchine

Itineraries Undertaken by
Balanchine's American

Research Resources

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Updated from the 1983 Catalogue by Susan Au et al.


Lifar, Serge. Histoire du ballet russe depuis les origines jusqu'à nos jours.  Paris: Éditions Nagel, 1950. (A History of Russian Ballet from Its Origins to the Present Day. Translated by Arnold L. Haskell. London: Hutchinson, 1954.) Discusses Balanchine's work for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, pp. 265-69, 273-75; and in the 1930s, p. 282 (London edition).

Lifar, Serge. Serge Diaghilev: His Life, His Work, His Legend.  New York: Putnam, 1940. (Serge de Diaghilew, sa vie, son oeuvre, sa légende. Monaco: Éditions du Rocher, 1954.) Includes a section 'Balanchine as Choreographer'; also discusses roles danced by Lifar in Balanchine ballets.


Livingston, Lili Cockerille. American Indian Ballerinas.   Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997. Includes biographical material on Maria Tallchief and her role as muse to Balanchine.


Looking at Ballet: Ashton and Balanchine, 1926-1936.  Compiled by Jane B. Roberts and David Vaughan; edited by David Vaughan and John V. Chapman. Pennington, N.J.: Princeton Periodicals, 1992. Part of the series Studies in Dance History 3:2 (1992).


Lopukhov, Fedor. Puti baletmeistera (Paths of a Ballet Master).  Berlin: Petropolis, 1925.


Lopukhov, Fedor. Shes'desiat let v balete: Vospominaniia i zapiski baletmeistera (Sixty Years in Ballet: A Balletmaster's Notes and Memoirs).  Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1966. Lopukhov's works provide background information on ballet in Russia in the early twentieth century.

Lynes, George Platt. Ballet.  Pasadena, California: Twelvetrees Press, 1985. Photographs (1934-53) of Balanchine ballets and dancers from the American Ballet, American Ballet Caravan, Ballet Caravan, Ballet Society, and New York City Ballet.

Macdonald, Nesta. Diaghilev Observed: By Critics in England and the United States, 1911-1929.  Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons/London: Dance Books, 1975. Includes reviews of Balanchine's works for Diaghilev from 1926.

Maiorano, Robert and Brooks, Valerie. Mozartiana: The Making of a Masterpiece.  New York: Freundlich, 1985. Account of the re-making of Mozartiana for New York City Ballet's Tschaikovsky Festival in 1981.


Markova, Dame Alicia. Markova Remembers.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1986. Discusses her years with Diaghilev's Ballets Russes. Profusely illustrated.


Martin, John. World Book of Modern Ballet.  Cleveland/New York: World, 1952. Includes chapters titled 'Balanchine Discovers America, (1933-41) and 'America Discovers Balanchine' (1946-52).


Martins, Peter and Cornfield, Robert. Far from Denmark.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1982. Account of Martins's career and his years with Balanchine at the New York City Ballet.


Maryinsky Theater, et al. Vek Balanchina--The Balanchine Century, 1904--2004.  St. Petersburg: Aurora Design, 2004. Lavish exhibition catalogue of photos, documents, and costumes in St. Petersburg collections pertaining to Balanchine's early life, supplemented by recent photos of New York City Ballet and Maryinsky productions of Balanchine's works. Text in Russian, captions in Russian and English.

Mason, Francis (comp.). I Remember Balanchine: Recollections of the Ballet-Master by Those Who Knew Him.  New York: Doubleday, 1991. More than eighty interviews and reminiscences.


Massine, Léonide. My Life in Ballet.  London: Macmillan/New York: St. Martin's, 1968. Includes material on Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.

Maynard, Olga. The American Ballet.  Philadelphia: MacRae Smith, 1959. Includes sections 'George Balanchine,' 'Balanchine's American Ballet and Kirstein's Ballet Caravan,' 'Ballet Society,' 'The New York City Ballet,' and 'The School of American Ballet.'


Mazo, Joseph H. Dance is a Contact Sport.  New York: Saturday Review Press/Dutton, 1974. Account of a season (1973) spent with the New York City Ballet.


McDonagh, Don. George Balanchine.  Boston: Twayne, 1983. Biography of Balanchine.

Merlin, Olivier. Stravinsky.  Paris: Hachette, 1968. Includes an interview with Balanchine on Agon and the approaching New York City Ballet tour of the Soviet Union (1962).


Meyerowitz, Joel. George Balanchine's The Nutcracker.  Photographed and told by Joel Meyerowitz. Boston: Little, Brown, 1993. Photographs taken from the film production by the New York City Ballet.

Michaut, Pierre. Le Ballet contemporain 1929-1950.  Paris: Librairie Plon, 1950. Discusses Balanchine's work for Diaghilev, pp. 2-3; Créatures de Prométhée, pp. 37-41; his work for de Basil's Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo, pp. 66-75; for Les Ballets 1933, pp. 103-8; for the Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas, pp. 341-43; for the Paris Opéra in 1947, pp. 352-59.

Mikhailov, Mikhail. Molodyie gody leningradskogo baleta (Young Years of the Leningrad Ballet).  Leningrad: Iskusstvo, 1978.

Mikhailov, Mikhail. Zhizn'v balete (My Life in Ballet).  Leningrad: Iskusstvo, 1966. Excerpts from Chapter 2 published as 'My Classmate: Georges Balanchivadze' in Dance News 50:3, 4, 5 (March, April, May 1967), 12, 6, 8-9.

Minnelli, Vincente and Arce, Hector. I Remember It Well.  Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1974. Includes a description of Balanchine's choreography for the 'Words without Music' ballet in the 1936 Ziegfeld Follies, p. 79.


Mitoma, Judy (ed.), Zimmer, Elizabeth (text ed.), and Stieber, Dale Ann (DVD ed.). Envisioning Dance on Film and Video. New York/London: Routledge, 2002. Includes Robert Greskovic's 'The Master and the Movies: Barbara Horgan on George Balanchine's Work with Television and Film,' and Nancy Reynolds's 'Two Worlds of Balanchine: The George Balanchine Foundation Video Archives' (excerpts from which are included on the accompanying DVD).

Moore, Lillian. Artists of the Dance.  New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1938. Reprinted, Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1969. Chapter titled 'George Balanchine' gives his biography to 1937.


Moore, Lillian. Echoes of American Ballet.  Edited and introduced by Ivor Guest. Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1976. Chapter titled 'The Metropolitan Opera Ballet, 1883-1951' includes a brief discussion of Balanchine's work for that company.


Nabokov, Nicolas. Old Friends and New Music.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1951. Chapter titled 'Ode' includes mentions of Balanchine during his years with Diaghilev's Ballets Russes and briefly describes a rehearsal of Apollon Musagète. Chapters titled 'Christmas with Stravinsky' and 'Stravinsky in Hollywood' describe a visit made by the author, Balanchine, and Maria Tallchief at the time of the composition of Orpheus (1947).

Newman, Barbara. Grace under Pressure.  New York: Proscenium Publishers, Limelight Editions/London: Dance Books, 2003. Includes interviews with former Balanchine dancers Suki Schorer, Helgi Tomasson, Francia Russell, Violette Verdy, and Richard Thomas on teaching Balanchine's principles and passing on the Balanchine style.


Newman, Barbara. Striking a Balance: Dancers Talk about Dancing.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1982. Includes interviews with Felia Doubrovska. Serge Lifar, Lew Christensen, Tanaquil Le Clercq, Desmond Kelly, Jean Pierre Bonnefous, Peter Martins, Merrill Ashley, and others, commenting on the performance of roles in the Balanchine repertory.


Nikitina, Alice. Nikitina, by Herself.  Translated by Baroness Budberg. London: Allan Wingate, 1959. Includes descriptions of her participation in Balanchine's ballets for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes (Barabau, La Chatte, Apollon Musagète, Le Bal), the 1930 Cochran's Revue ('Luna Park'), and her own 1932 recital in Paris.


Noguchi, Isamu. A Sculptor's World.  Foreword by R. Buckminster Fuller. New York: Harper & Row, 1968. Noguchi's autobiography includes discussion and photographs of designs for various ballets, including Balanchine's Orpheus.


Palmer, Winthrop. Theatrical Dancing in America: The Development of the Ballet from 1900.  Second edition, revised. South Brunswick, New Jersey: A. S. Barnes/London: Thomas Yoseloff, 1978. Includes sections 'The Abstract Ballets of George Balanchine after 1945' and 'The Repertoire of New York City Ballet'; chapter 'Lincoln Kirstein's American Ballet.'

Patelson, Alice. Portrait of a Dancer, Memories of Balanchine: An Autobiography.   New York: Vantage Press, 1995. Autobiography of a former member of New York City Ballet.

Payne, Charles, et al. American Ballet Theatre.  New York: Knopf, 1978. Includes information on works choreographed by Balanchine for ABT.

Pozharskaya, Militsa and Volodina, Tatiana. The Art of the Ballets Russes: The Russian Seasons in Paris, 1908-29.  Foreword by Clement Crisp; translated from the Russian by V. S. Friedman. London: Aurum Press, 1990. Includes designs for ballets choreographed by Balanchine for Diaghilev.


Propert, Walter Archibald. The Russian Ballet 1921-1929.  London: Bodley Head, 1931/New York: Greenberg, 1932. Includes discussions of Balanchine's works for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.


Prose, Francine. The Lives of the Muses: Nine Women & the Artists They Inspired.  New York: HarperCollins Publications, 2002. Includes a chapter on Suzanne Farrell's role as muse to Balanchine.


Rebling, Eberhard. Ballett A-Z: Ein Führer durch die Welt des Balletts.  Third edition. Wilhelmshaven: Heinrichsofens Verlag, 1977. Includes descriptions of Agon, The Card Party, The Four Temperaments, Orpheus, Prodigal Son, and The Seven Deadly Sins.

Regner, Otto Friedrich and Schneiders, Heinz-Ludwig. Reclams Ballett-führer.  Fifth edition, completely revised. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1972. Includes descriptions of many Balanchine ballets.

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