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Introduction to the Database

Preface by Lincoln Kirstein

Chronology: Life and Works
Roles Performed By Balanchine

Chronological Title List
Titles By Category

Festivals Directed By Balanchine

Itineraries Undertaken by
Balanchine's American

Research Resources

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Updated from the 1983 Catalogue by Susan Au et al.


Croce, Arlene. Afterimages.  New York: Knopf, 1977.

Croce, Arlene. Going to the Dance.  New York: Knopf, 1982.

Croce, Arlene. Sightlines.  New York: Knopf, 1987.

Croce, Arlene. Writing in the Dark, Dancing in The New Yorker.  New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000. Collected reviews from the 1970s to the 1990s, including reviews of Balanchine ballets performed by the New York City Ballet and other companies.


Daly, Ann. Critical Gestures: Writings on Dance and Culture.  Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 2002. Includes the essay 'The Balanchine Woman: Of Hummingbirds and Channel Swimming' (1987).

d'Amboise, Christopher. Leap Year: A Year in the Life of a Dancer.  Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1982.


Dance Index  4:2, 3 (February-March 1945): 'George Balanchine.' Includes 'Notes on Choreography' by George Balanchine, 'Balanchine's Choreography' (1930) by Agnes de Mille, 'A Note on Balanchine's Present Style' by Edwin Denby, 'Ballets by George Balanchine,' 'Musicals with Choreography by George Balanchine,' and 'Motion Pictures with Choreography by George Balanchine.'


Danilova, Alexandra. Choura: The Autobiography of Alexandra Danilova.  New York: Knopf, 1986. Includes descriptions of Danilova's lifelong personal and professional relationship with Balanchine, including their years with Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, Sergei Denham's Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, and later at the School of American Ballet.


Deakin, Irving. Ballet Profile.  New York: Dodge, 1936. Chapter titled 'Georgei Melitonovitch Balanchivadze' gives a detailed biography.

Denby, Edwin. Dance Writings & Poetry.  Robert Cornfield (ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998. Includes reviews and articles on Balanchine and his American companies.

Denby, Edwin. Dancers, Buildings and People in the Streets.  New York: Horizon, 1965. Includes reviews of New York City Ballet performances; also the articles 'Some Thoughts about Classicism and George Balanchine' and 'Balanchine Choreographing.'

Denby, Edwin. Dance Writings.  Robert Cornfield and William Mackay (eds.). New York: Knopf, 1986. Includes essays, reviews, and program notes on Balanchine, the American Ballet, American Ballet Caravan, Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, Ballet Society, and the New York City Ballet.

Denby, Edwin. Looking at the Dance.  New York; Horizon, 1949. Includes reviews of Balanchine's works for Denham's Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo in the 1940s, the Original Ballet Russe (Balustrade), and the New Opera Company (Ballet Imperial).

Detaille, Georgés and Mulys, Gerard. Les Ballets de Monte Carlo 1911-1944. Paris: Éditions Arc-en-Ciel, 1954. Includes information about, synopses and photographs of Balanchine ballets performed in Monte Carlo by Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, de Basil's Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo, and Ballets de Monte Carlo (René Blum).

de Valois, Ninette. Come Dance with Me: A Memoir, 1898-1956.  London: Hamish Hamilton/Cleveland/New York: World, 1957. Describes Balanchine's first days with Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, including his teaching Marche Funèbre to the company, pp. 83-84.

de Valois, Ninette. Invitation to the Ballet.  London: Bodley Head, 1937/New York: Oxford University Press, 1938. Includes brief comments on Balanchine's work for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes and Les Ballets 1933.

de Valois, Ninette. Step by Step.  London: W. H. Allen, 1977. Chapter titled 'Diaghilev' contains a brief description of Balanchine's performance as Grandfather of the Fair in Petrouchka.

Divoire, Fernand. Pour la danse.  Paris: Éditions de la Danse, 1935. Describes works choreographed for Les Ballets 1933, including Fastes, L'Errante, Les Sept Péchés Capitaux, pp. 122-24.

Dolin, Anton. Divertissement.  London: S. Low, Marston, 1931. Briefly mentions Balanchine and his ballets in a description of the final years of the Diaghilev company, pp. 195, 200-201, 205-6; describes how Dolin, Balanchine and Lydia Lopokova learned of Diaghilev's death during the filming of Dark Red Roses, pp. 212-15.

Dolin, Anton. The Sleeping Ballerina: The Story of Olga Spessivtzeva.  London: Frederick Muller, 1966. Describes her creation of the title role in La Chatte, pp. 46-49.

Drew, David (ed.). The Decca Book of Ballet.  London: Frederick Muller, 1958. Includes descriptions of many Balanchine ballets.


Drummond, John. Speaking of Diaghilev.  London/Boston: Faber and Faber, 1997. Includes discussions of Balanchine and his works for the Ballets Russes.

Duberman, Martin. The Worlds of Lincoln Kirstein. New York, Knopf, 2007. Detailed biography of Kirstein, with Balanchine material throughout.

Duke, Vernon. Passport to Paris.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1955. Includes information on Balanchine's years with Diaghilev and on his musical comedy collaborations with Duke.

Dunning, Jennifer. But First a School.  New York: Viking, 1985. A history of the first fifty years of the School of American Ballet, with chapters on training for the Balanchine style.

Eakins Press Foundation. George Balanchine: A Catalogue of Works.  Leslie George Katz, Nancy Lassalle, Harvey Simmonds, Project Directors, Nancy Reynolds, Research Director. With a Preface by Lincoln Kirstein. New York: Eakins, 1983/Viking Penguin, 1984 (which includes addenda with revisions and additional material). Complete, authoritative record of the more than 400 works choreographed and directed by Balanchine. A comprehensive source of information covering every ballet, dances for opera, musical theater, film, and television. Each entry gives full details for music, production, and premiere cast, with notes on the work, revisions, and stagings.


Ezrahi, Christina, Swans of the Kremlin: Ballet and Power in Soviet Russia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012. The inner workings of the two major ballet companies the Bolshoi and the Kirov during the first fifty years of the Soviet Union (until 1968), described as a continuing negotiation involving politics, ideology, and art. Includes brief references to Balanchine and the New York City Ballet.

Farrell, Suzanne. Holding On to the Air: An Autobiography. By Suzanne Farrell with Toni Bentley. New York: Summit Books, 1990. An autobiography of the ballerina who was one of Balanchine's most important interpreters. Reprint with new introduction, Gainesville, Fla.: University Press of Florida, 2002.


Fehl, Fred. At New York City Ballet.  Edited by Don Daniels and Marvin Hoshino; introduced by Francis Mason. New York: Dance Research Foundation, 1991. Collection of photographs by a noted dance photographer.


Fisher, Barbara Milberg. In Balanchine's Company: A Dancer's Memoir. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2006. Memoir of a Balanchine Soloist of the late 1940's to the mid-50's, member of the original cast of Agon and veteran of the early struggles of the nascent New York City Ballet.


Fisher, Jennifer. 'Nutcracker' Nation: How an Old World Ballet Became a Christmas Tradition in the New World. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003. Includes a discussion of the influence of Balanchine's Nutcracker.

Fleming, Bruce. Sex, Art, and Audience: Dance Essays.  New York: P. Lang, 2000. The essay 'Balanchine at Opryland' describes the taping of Balanchine's Robert Schumann's Davidsbündlertänze in Nashville. Balanchine and his works are also discussed in other essays.

Fokine, Michel. Memoirs of a Ballet Master.  Translated by Vitale Fokine, edited by Anatole Chujoy. London: Constable/Boston: Little, Brown, 1961. Includes material on Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.

Foster, Susan Leigh. Reading Dancing: Bodies and Subjects in Contemporary American Dance.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. Includes a section on Balanchine's choreography.

Franks, A. H. Twentieth Century Ballet.  London: Burke/New York: Pitman, 1954. Includes a chapter on Balanchine.

Freeman, Gillian and Thorpe, Edward. Ballet Genius: Twenty Great Dancers of the Twentieth Century.  Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, England: Equation, 1988. Includes chapters on Suzanne Farrell and Peter Martins of the New York City Ballet.


Gale, Joseph. I Sang for Diaghilev: Michel Pavloff's Merry Life.  Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1982. Information on Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.


Garafola, Lynn. Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. Includes discussions of Balanchine's works for the Ballets Russes.

Garafola, Lynn and Baer, Nancy Van Norman (eds.). The Ballets Russes and Its World.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999. Collection of essays by various authors; includes discussions of Balanchine and his works for the Ballets Russes. Nancy Reynolds's essay 'In His Image: Diaghilev and Kirstein' extends the discussion to Balanchine's companies in America.

Garafola, Lynn and Foner, Eric (eds.). Dance for a City: Fifty Years of the New York City Ballet.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

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